NBS BENEFIT #49: IMPROVED GROUNDWATER QUALITY

People around the world rely on groundwater for irrigation and consumption, but it can be contaminated with heavy metals, fuel, sewage, fertilizers, and pesticides due to human activities, including landfills, urban stormwater, sewer leaks, fuel spills, agriculture, animal husbandry, land clearing, and resource extraction. Groundwater contamination can have negative effects on human health, the environmental, …

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NBS BENEFIT#48: Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

The primary responses to climate change are mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation actions tackle the causes of climate change and adaptation actions address the impacts. Although these are separate strategies with different challenges, both are necessary to help reduce the negative effects of climate change. [1,2] Table 1. Climate change mitigation and adaptation Climate Change Measure …

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NBS BENEFIT #46: FLOOD PEAK REDUCTION

Globally, floods have had the highest occurrence (43%) and damages ($40 billion) of all natural disasters; from 1994 to 2013 almost 2.5 billion people were affected. The problem is being exacerbated by climate change, urbanization, agriculture expansion, deforestation, and poor land development. In addition, extreme weather events and associated are expected to increase in the …

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NBS BENEFIT #45: LOWER GHG EMISSIONS

Greenhouse gasses (GHG), such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, accumulate and become trapped in the atmosphere, where they absorb heat energy and prevent it from escaping to space. As the concentrations of GHG increase, the surface temperatures on Earth also increase. This condition is known as global warming. Concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, …

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NBS BENEFIT #44: INCREASED CARBON STORAGE – SOIL

Soil is the third largest reservoir of carbon, including both organic and inorganic components. Carbon in soil is in the solid form, as opposed to carbon in the gaseous form, such as carbon dioxide (CO2). Soil organic carbon (SOC) is stored in the organic material from decayed plants and animals which is formed when plants …

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