People-Related Benefits

NBS BENEFIT#48: Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

The primary responses to climate change are mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation actions tackle the causes of climate change and adaptation actions address the impacts. Although these are separate strategies with different challenges, both are necessary to help reduce the negative effects of climate change. [1,2] Table 1. Climate change mitigation and adaptation Climate Change Measure …

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NBS BENEFIT #46: FLOOD PEAK REDUCTION

Globally, floods have had the highest occurrence (43%) and damages ($40 billion) of all natural disasters; from 1994 to 2013 almost 2.5 billion people were affected. The problem is being exacerbated by climate change, urbanization, agriculture expansion, deforestation, and poor land development. In addition, extreme weather events and associated are expected to increase in the …

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NBS BENEFIT #45: LOWER GHG EMISSIONS

Greenhouse gasses (GHG), such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, accumulate and become trapped in the atmosphere, where they absorb heat energy and prevent it from escaping to space. As the concentrations of GHG increase, the surface temperatures on Earth also increase. This condition is known as global warming. Concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, …

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NBS BENEFIT #43: INCREASED BIODIVERSITY

Biodiversity includes all living plants and animals on earth. “Biodiversity is the foundation of ecosystem services to which human well-being is intimately linked” . Ecosystem services are the functions of a healthy environment that benefit all living things, and includes water and soil production, plant growth, temperature control, and oxygen generation. Currently, there are an …

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NBS BENEFIT #42: URBAN REGENERATION

Urban regeneration can transform neglected areas, brown fields, and unused industrial sites into sustainable, prosperous spaces where people want to live and work. The goals of urban regeneration are to strengthen the economy and the physical and social environment of a city. Many cities are updating their planning approaches to adapt to or mitigate environmental …

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